Neurological Associate Pain Management Center

Vero Beach, Florida

Psychological Aspects

Doctor Hooshmand and Eric M. Phillips have co-authored the following article: Psychological Aspects of RSD/CRPS.

Below is an abstract from the article Psychological Aspects of RSD/CRPS.

Please click on the link below to view the full text of this article in PDF-format.

Psychological Aspects of RSD-CRPS


Psychological Aspects of

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)

H. Hooshmand, M.D., and Eric M. Phillips

Neurological Associates Pain Management Center

Vero Beach, Florida


Abstract. Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a complex form of neuropathic pain associated with hyperpathia; neurovascular instability; neuroinflammation; and limbic system dysfunction.

As the condition becomes chronic, the other aspects of this syndrome complete the clinical picture. Inflammation develops, insomnia, agitation and depression affect the patient's diurnal cycle, deprive the patient of resting well and sleeping normally at night and the end result is the full-blown picture of RSD (CRPS).

Careful history taking, neurological evaluation, and understanding the nature of emotional components of RSD (CRPS) spares the patient from misdiagnosis and improper treatment.

Descriptors.  complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), limbic system, psychological aspects, reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD).